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مُساهمةموضوع: CPR Course   الجمعة أكتوبر 19, 2012 9:09 pm

Can you save a life? In an emergency, when every second is criticial, would you know what to do?

According to recent statistics sudden cardiac arrest is rapidly becoming the leading cause of death in America. Once the heart ceases to function, a healthy human brain may survive without oxygen for up to 4 minutes without suffering any permanent damage. Unfortunately, a typical EMS response may take 6, 8 or even 10 minutes.
It is during those critical minutes that CPR can provide oxygenated blood to the victim's brain and the heart, dramatically increasing his chance of survival. And if properly instructed, almost anyone can learn and perform CPR.


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مُساهمةموضوع: رد: CPR Course   الجمعة أكتوبر 19, 2012 9:09 pm


The air we breathe in travels to our lungs where oxygen is picked up by our blood and then pumped by the heart to our tissue and organs. When a person experiences cardiac arrest - whether due to heart failure in adults and the elderly or an injury such as near drowning, electrocution or severe trauma in a child - the heart goes from a normal beat to an arrhythmic pattern called ventricular fibrillation, and eventually ceases to beat altogether.
This prevents oxygen from circulating throughout the body, rapidly killing cells and tissue. In essence, Cardio (heart) Pulmonary (lung) Resuscitation (revive, revitalize) serves as an artificial heartbeat and an artificial respirator.
CPR may not save the victim even when performed properly, but if started within 4 minutes of cardiac arrest and defibrillation is provided within 10 minutes, a person has a 40% chance of survival.

The circulatory system


IMPORTANT AMERICAN HEART ASSOCIATION UPDATES
October 18, 2010: If a bystander is not trained in CPR, the bystander should provide compression-only CPR (see below) for the adult victim who suddenly collapses, with an emphasis to "push hard and fast" on the center of the chest, or follow the directions of the EMS dispatcher. The rescuer should continue compression-only CPR until an AED is available or first responders can assist the victim. If the trained lay rescuer is able to perform rescue breaths, compressions and breaths should be provided in a ratio of 30 compressions to 2 breaths.
March 2008: The American Heart Association published an advisory statement outlining "hands-only" or "compression-only" CPR which dictates that lay persons who are unable or unwilling to provide rescue breaths may perform hands-only CPR. This updated recommendation does not apply to first responders and/or medical personnel with access to CPR barrier or a mechanical respirator; unwitnessed cardiac arrest, cardiac arrest in children and infants, or cardiac arrest presumed to be of non-cardiac origin (drowning, trauma, airway obstruction, acute respiratory diseases, drug overdose, etc). AHA study concedes that when performed correctly, conventional CPR continues to prove a more effective rescue method for victims of cardiac arrest and as such we will continue to educate our students in ventilation as well as compressions.


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مُساهمةموضوع: رد: CPR Course   الجمعة أكتوبر 19, 2012 9:12 pm


It is critical to remember that dialing 911 may be the most important step you can take to save a life.


If someone besides you is present, they should dial 911 immediately. If you're alone with the victim, try to call for help prior to starting CPR on an adult and after a minute on a child. Before we learn what to do in an emergency, we must first emphasize what not to do:

  • DO NOT leave the victim alone.
  • DO NOT try make the victim drink water.
  • DO NOT throw water on the victim's face.
  • DO NOT prompt the victim into a sitting position.
  • DO NOT try to revive the victim by slapping his face.


Provide operator with:
1. Your location
2. Your phone number
3. Type of emergency
4. Victim's condition



Always remember to exercise solid common sense!
When faced with an emergency situation we may act impulsively and place ourselves in harm's way. Although time should not be wasted, only approach the victim after determining that the scene is safe: always check for any potential hazards before attempting to perform CPR

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مُساهمةموضوع: رد: CPR Course   الجمعة أكتوبر 19, 2012 9:14 pm

For Adult

American Heart Association's guidelines dictate that Adult CPR is performed on any person over the age of approximately 10 to 14 years (or post-adolescence, as defined by the presence of secondary sex characteristics).

Before you start any rescue efforts, you must remember to check the victim for responsiveness.
If you suspect that the victim has sustained spinal or neck injury, do not move or shake him. Otherwise, shake the victim gently and shout "Are you okay?" to see if there is any response. If the victim is someone you know, call out his name as you shake him.
If there is no response, immediately dial 911 and check the victim for circulation


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مُساهمةموضوع: رد: CPR Course   الجمعة أكتوبر 19, 2012 9:16 pm


CIRCULATION
"C" is for CIRCULATION. In order to determine if the victim's heart is beating, place two fingertips on his carotid artery, located in the depression between the windpipe and the neck muscles (Figure 1), and apply slight pressure for several seconds.
If there is no pulse then the victim's heart is not beating, and you will have to perform chest Compressions


1. Carotid artery



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مُساهمةموضوع: رد: CPR Course   الجمعة أكتوبر 19, 2012 9:17 pm

COMPRESSIONS

When performing chest compressions, proper hand placement is very important. To locate the correct hand position place two fingers at the sternum (the spot where the lower ribs meet) then put the heel of your other hand next to your fingers (Figure 1).

Place one hand on top of the other and interlace the fingers (Figure 2). Lock your elbows and using your body's weight, compress the victim's chest. The depth of compressions should be at least 2 inches - remember: 2 hands, 2 inches (Figure 3).

Count aloud as you compress 30 times at the rate of about 3 compressions for every 2 seconds or approximately 100 compressions per minute. Chest compressions will supply blood flow to the heart and the brain but if victim remains unresponsive you will need to check their airway


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مُساهمةموضوع: رد: CPR Course   الجمعة أكتوبر 19, 2012 9:19 pm


AIRWAY

"A" is for AIRWAY. If the victim is unconscious and is unresponsive, you need to make sure that his airway is clear of any obstructions. If you determine that the victim is not breathing, then something may be blocking his air passage. The tongue is the most common airway obstruction in an unconscious person.
With the victim lying flat on his back, place your hand on his forehead and your other hand under the tip of the chin (Figure 1). Gently tilt the victim's head backward. In this position the weight of the tongue will force it to shift away from the back of the throat, opening the airway (Figure 2).
If the person is still not breathing on his own after the airway has been cleared, you will have to assist him breathing

1. Tilt head



2. Open airway



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مُساهمةموضوع: رد: CPR Course   الجمعة أكتوبر 19, 2012 9:21 pm












"B" is for BREATHING. With the victim's airway clear of any obstructions, gently support his chin so as to keep it lifted up and the head tilted back. Pinch his nose with your fingertips to prevent air from escaping once you begin to ventilate and place your mouth over the victim's, creating a tight seal (Figure 1).

As you assist the person in breathing, keep an eye on his chest. Try not to over-inflate the victim's lungs as this may force air into the stomach, causing him to vomit. If this happens, turn the person's head to the side and sweep any obstructions out of the mouth before proceeding.

Give two full breaths. Between each breath allow the victim's lungs to relax - place your ear near his mouth and listen for air to escape and watch the chest fall as the victim exhales (Figure 2).




1. Give two breaths

2. Let victim exhale







BREATHING

Note: you may skip this step if performing "compression only" CPR


"B" is for BREATHING. With the victim's airway clear of any obstructions, gently support his chin so as to keep it lifted up and the head tilted back. Pinch his nose with your fingertips to prevent air from escaping once you begin to ventilate and place your mouth over the victim's, creating a tight seal (Figure 1).
As you assist the person in breathing, keep an eye on his chest. Try not to over-inflate the victim's lungs as this may force air into the stomach, causing him to vomit. If this happens, turn the person's head to the side and sweep any obstructions out of the mouth before proceeding.
Give two full breaths. Between each breath allow the victim's lungs to relax - place your ear near his mouth and listen for air to escape and watch the chest fall as the victim exhales (Figure 2).


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مُساهمةموضوع: رد: CPR Course   الجمعة أكتوبر 19, 2012 9:25 pm

و جاء وقت الاختبار










1. You should check the victim for responsiveness by:











Using smelling salts.
Shaking him and shouting, "Are you okay?"
Pouring cold water on his face.
[All of the above.







3. To check if the victim is breathing, you should:











Listen for exhaled air
Watch for his chest to rise and fall.
Feel for exhaled air.
All of the above.







5. The technique used to clear the victim's airway is:











Lift chin up, tilt head back.
Push chin down, tilt head forward.
Lift chin up, turn head sideways.
None of the above.







7. When assisting the victim with breathing:











Pinch the victim's nose closed.
Do not over-inflate the victim's lungs.
Allow the victim exhale on his own.
All of the above.







2. If the victim remains unresponsive, you should:











Dial 9-1-1 before starting CPR.
Start CPR before dialing 9-1-1.
Wait to see if the victim regains consciousness.
None of the above.







4. The most common airway obstruction is:











Dentures.
Food
The tongue.
None of the above.







6. Check for circulation by feeling for pulse at the:











Jugular vein.
Heart.
Carotid artery
None of the above.







8. When administering chest compressions:











Position your hands on the sternum
Give 2 breaths after 30 compressions.
Apply the "2 hands, 2 inches" rule.
All of the above.


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مُساهمةموضوع: رد: CPR Course   الجمعة أكتوبر 19, 2012 9:42 pm


و اليكم فيديوهات


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مُساهمةموضوع: رد: CPR Course   الجمعة أكتوبر 19, 2012 9:44 pm


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